Building on SOM’s tradition of innovative engineering, the design for a bank’s new headquarters incorporates a distinctive external diagrid that signiﬁcantly reduces solar gain. Inside, responsive solar shading technology and natural airﬂow enhance staff wellbeing.
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) has completed a 158-meter-tall, 33-story tower, located on the edge of a public park at the center of one of Shenzhen’s key business districts, that responds to the region’s tropical climate through a series of biophilic and sustainable design solutions. The ﬁrm was commissioned by Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank in 2012 to design a new headquarters that balances the bank’s vision for the future alongside its history as a rural credit union.
The tower’s facade is deﬁned by an external diagrid, which serves as both the building’s structure as well as an important solar shading element. At its base, the diagrid widens to create framed openings and views to the surrounding park and South China Sea, a short walk from the building.
“We’re always exploring opportunities to synthesize inventive engineering solutions with architectural design. The Rural Commercial Bank Headquarters gave us the chance to incorporate a diagrid—similar to an exoskeleton—that pulls the structure to the exterior and effectively suspends the tower within to create column-free workspaces,” explains Scott Duncan, SOM Design Partner.
Drawing upon principles from Feng Shui, in which water and wealth are intrinsically linked, the lobby is encircled by a reﬂecting pool and features a rippling wall of water adjacent to the main entrance. A 15 meter high “rain curtain,” with droplets of water that cascade down small translucent ﬁlaments, lines the lobby’s ultra transparent glass walls. On hot summer days, these water features provide an evaporative cooling effect for the entire building. Above, suspended lighting ﬁxtures mimic droplets of rain and the lobby’s marble walls shift from a textured to honed ﬁnish to evoke water’s effect on stone.
Three essential elements—earth, water and air—ﬁgure prominently in the building features, from the multistory rain curtain in the main lobby, to the striated marble cladding the tower’s elevator core, and to the natural ventilation system that brings fresh air into common areas and oﬃce spaces. Reﬂecting pools, grey granite paving and seating areas, and arrays of trees and ground cover deﬁne the main entrance spaces and small gardens at the base of the tower. This tactile experience at ground level transitions and becomes more atmospheric as one progresses up the tower to the open ﬂoor plans and “ﬂoating” diagrid above. At the crown of the tower, operable walls and an outdoor deck blur distinctions between indoor and outdoor spaces.
Two vertical atria span the height of the tower. On each ﬂoor, employees can use louvres to open and close vents, accessing fresh air from the atria. This allows the building to “breathe” when Shenzhen’s climate is pleasant, ﬁlling the entire building with fresh air so tenants can enjoy the same air inside as they do outside. By functioning like airways in a body and cycling fresh air throughout the building, these features generate signiﬁcant savings in environmental and energy eﬃciency. This system prioritizes tenant comfort and wellbeing to a degree typically unheard of in oﬃce environments. Interior spaces are deﬁned by a minimal glass perimeter wall and a daylight-responsive shading system. A communicating stairway runs the height of the tower, fostering connectivity and collaboration among coworkers.
|Project||Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank Headquarters|
|Client||Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank|
|Project Area||94,049square meters|
|Number of Stories||33|
|Design Team||Skidmore,Owings&Merrill,224 South Michigan Avenue,Chicago,IL 60604 www.som.com|
|Photographer||@Seth Powers Photography|
|Media Contact||Olivia Jia,Skidmore,Owings&Merrill Press@som.com|
Editing : Bamboo, ©️FULLDES authorized publishing, copyright from the Author, Image copyright from the photographer or Company.
We are a collective of architects, designers, engineers and planners working together to build a better future. Our firm, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), is responsible for some of the world’s most technically and environmentally advanced buildings and significant public spaces. Our approach is highly collaborative, and our interdisciplinary team is international. Working from a network of creative studios across the globe, we are able to apply international expertise at a local level.