Safezone Shelter

Bangkok,Thailand

Situated in front of the Grand Postal Building during Bangkok Design Week 2020, Safezone Shelter is an ephemeral intervention, aiming to purify air and provide comfort for people, while also raising awareness about “air pollution,” which becomes a critical concern for many societies.

Daytime ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Daytime ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

Looking at Bangkok, according to the World Air Quality Index of 2019, it has 54% of total days in a year in which particulate matter (PM) was measured over WHO’s standard level, threatening over one-third of inhabitants. The city has also constantly been facing “Urban Heat Island Effect” from a large amount of hardscape and skyscrapers with inadequate green space. Nonetheless, as Bangkok was selected by UNESCO Creative Cities Network as “Creative City of Design,” it’s a good opportunity to create an experimental space in order to achieve a better city and United Nations (UN)’s Sustainable Development Goal No.11.

Exterior Elevation view ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Exterior Elevation view ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

Inspired by “cloud,” the pavilion was designed in a futuristic organic form, depicting a clean refreshing atmosphere, while also forming a pleasant Microclimate by equipping vegetation and engineering technology together.

Exterior detail of Structure and form inspired by “Cloud”©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong  
 受“云”启发的结构和形式的外部细节 ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong 



 受“云”启发的结构和形式的外部细节 ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong 


空气质量是一个需要仔细控制的因素,以保持室内良好的环境。首先,热的脏空气被风扇吸入室内,穿过可以捕获灰尘和颗粒的成排的树木,以及可以吸收有毒物质的地表植物。之后,预先过滤的风会相应地流经灰尘过滤板和冷却板,最终以净化风吹出。


段落
Exterior detail of Structure and form inspired by “Cloud”©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

Air quality is a factor needed to be carefully controlled to keep good air inside. First, hot dirty air is pulled inside by a fan, passes through rows of trees and shrubs which capture dusty particles, as well as ground-covering plants which absorb toxic substances. After that, the pre-filtered wind will flow through the dust filter plate and the cooling plate consequently, and come out as a purified breeze at the end.

As providing comfort is also another important circumstance, various techniques are adopted to keep the shelter’s interior temperature at around 22-29 degree Celsius, suitable for Thailand’s tropical climate. They include using fans to release heat and create air flow, wrapping Nylon clothes around the structure to get an interior light with diffused blurry effect – friendly for our eyes, and operating the humidifier to maintain 50-70% humidity level. In addition, natural scents from plants, and experimental music – made up of nature-like sounds (breeze, water, birds) is employed to provide a soothing experience while walking inside the pavilion. 

 Lush and comfort Interior ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Lush and comfort Interior ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
 Visitors taking a rest inside the pavilion ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Visitors taking a rest inside the pavilion ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

All of these inventive methods could further be applied to solve air pollution in other kinds of design. At an individual level, a personal mobile suit equipped with a portable air filter could be manufactured, allowing users to move around refreshed. Looking wider at an urban scale, bus stops, recreational space under expressways and skywalks also have a potential to be revitalized with such purification systems. At the end, even high-rise buildings might become old-fashioned when a better choice like an air purifier tower could be constructed.

Main exhibition space with steps and knowledge board and stickers installed ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Main exhibition space with steps and knowledge board and stickers installed ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

In conclusion, Safezone Shelter might be seen as a starting point on gaining such benefits from natural species and technological advancement, in order to revitalize Bangkok into a sustainable city that every inhabitant can take a deep breath.

Night time with lighting and experimental music show ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Night time with lighting and experimental music show ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Night time with lighting and experimental music show ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong
Night time with lighting and experimental music show ©2020 Napon Jaturapuchapornpong

Drawings

Longitudinal Section ©2020
Longitudinal Section ©2020
Cross Section ©2020
Cross Section ©2020
Design Principles ©2020
Design Principles ©2020
Pavilion Plan ©2020
Pavilion Plan ©2020
Future Scenario ©2020
Future Scenario ©2020
Air Pollution Problem ©2020
Air Pollution Problem ©2020
Air Filtration System ©2020
Air Filtration System ©2020

Program Datas

Name of the project Safezone Shelter
Project category Infrastructure
PR Representative Shma Company Limited
Design Director Yossapon Boonsom,
Landscape Architect Katavet Sittikit, Phat Chapanon, Thita Cherdkiadtikul,
Rattapong Luangpiansamut, Chisanucha
Ravinantapreecha, Nattapreeya Worawicharwong,
Horticulturist Montrakarn Poonsang, Suphannipha Khamma,
Graphic Designer Montree Sommut
Content Onkamon Nilanon
Project Consultant Asst. Prof. Dr. Prapat Pongkiatkul
Design year 2019-2020
Year Built 2020
PhotoNapon Jaturapuchapornpong

Editing and translation: Ing, ©️FULLDES authorized publishing, copyright from the Author, Image copyright from the photographer or Company

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